Avar belongs to the Avar-Andi-Dido group of the Daghestan languages.
The designation of the language is mahàrul mats ("mountain language")
or Khunz mats' ("langauge of Khunzakh"); russ. аварцы,
джарцы (to the southern group); lak.
Yaruchū , dargwa
Area of distribution
The avar population is settled in the basins of the lower Andi Koisu and of the Avar Koisu; some groups are isolated from the main body along the western tributaries of the Andi Loisu (in the regions of the Daghestan ASSR: Gergebil´, Gumbet, Gunib, Kazbek, Kakhib, Tliarata, Untusukul´, Khunzakh, Charoda) or are settled in the southern slope of the main Caucasian chain (the regions of the Azerbaijan: Belokany, Zakataly).
According to the statistics of 1949 there were 167,000 Avar speakers. (Chikobava: the number pf people who were able to speak Avar was ca. 220,000)
Avar has a status of of a literary language in Daghestan. The literary
lanuage is based on the Khunazakh dialect which was also the basis of the
old "bol mats´' " ("army langauge").
The knowledge of Avar is spread outside its own linguistiv territory: Ando-Dido area, Tsakhur area, Archi, western part of Lak and Dargwa areas.
There are four main dialects: Khunazakh, Gidatl´-Andalaly-Karakh, Antsukh
The consonant system of Avar
The vowel system of Avar
Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.
საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/ ლანა ალბორნს ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.