Explanation of terms
The so called Circassian language is divided into two language groups:
(a) W Circassian (or Adyghe) and
(b) E Circassian, whose literary language, Kabardian (or Kabardo-Cherkess), is spoken in both the Kabardo-Balkar ASSP (capital Nalchik) and the Karachay-Cherkess AO. E Circassians living outside the Kabardo-Balkar ASSR are known as Cherkess in the former USSR.
The Adyghe self -name is Adỳghe.
Area of distribution
The Adyghe Language is a written language (since 1928) of the
Abkhaz-Adyghe group of the Iberian-Caucasian languages. It is spread in
Adygeia and Tuapse and Lazarevskaya area of Krasnodar Territory. There
are about 96,500 Adyghe speakers (1970).
There are four dialects in Adyghe: Temirgoi and Abdzakh (or Abadzekh),
representing the eastern dialects, and Bzhedukh and Shapsugh, representing
the western dialects. The literary language is based on Temirgoi, which
is characterised by relative simple phonetic system. The Shapsughs
originally outnumbered all other dialect speakers in Caucasus, but only
few villages remain there, representing the sub-dialects of Kuban and Hakuchi.
system of Adyghe
The vowel system of Adyghe
Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.
საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/ ლანა ალბორნს ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.