აფხაზურ-ადიღური ენები

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages




 აფხაზურ-ადიღური ენები

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages

Explanation of terms

The so called Circassian language is divided into two language groups:
(a) W Circassian (or Adyghe) and
(b) E Circassian, whose literary language, Kabardian (or Kabardo-Cherkess), is spoken in both the Kabardo-Balkar ASSP (capital Nalchik) and the Karachay-Cherkess AO. E Circassians living outside the Kabardo-Balkar ASSR are known as Cherkess in the former USSR.

The Adyghe self -name is Adỳghe.

Area of distribution

The Adyghe Language  is a written language (since 1928) of the Abkhaz-Adyghe group of the Iberian-Caucasian languages. It is spread in Adygeia and Tuapse and Lazarevskaya area of Krasnodar Territory. There are about 96,500  Adyghe speakers (1970).

Dialect varieties

There are four dialects in Adyghe: Temirgoi and  Abdzakh (or Abadzekh), representing the eastern dialects, and  Bzhedukh and Shapsugh, representing the western dialects. The literary language is based on Temirgoi, which is characterised by relative simple phonetic system.  The Shapsughs originally outnumbered all other dialect speakers in Caucasus, but only few villages remain there, representing the sub-dialects of Kuban and Hakuchi.

The consonant system of Adyghe
The vowel system of Adyghe

Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.

საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/   ლანა ალბორნს  ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.