Explanation of terms
The Abkhaz self-name is Aàpswa. The Georgian designation of
the Abkhaz is Apkhazi; Svan - Mibkhaz;
Turkisch - Abaza.
The Russians call them абхазы, абхазцы.
Area of distribution
The Abkhaz Language is a member of the North-Western group of the Iberian-Caucasian languages. It is spoken on the Black Sea coast to the south of the main Caucasian chain between the rivers Psou and Ingur, so, it is spread basically in the Abkhaz AR of Georgia.
The Bziph-Abkhaz live around the river Bzyph, The Abzhui-Abkhaz around the river Kodor.
There are about 79,6 thousand Abkhaz speakers (1970).
The dialects of Abkhaz are Bziph (to the north of Sukhumi)
and Abzhui (to the south of Sukhumi), the latter has
been the base for the literary language since 1928 . The Bziph dialect
basically differs from the Abzhu dialect by existence of sibilant-hissing
system of Abkhaz
The vowel system of Abkhaz
Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.
საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/ ლანა ალბორნს ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.