აფხაზურ-ადიღური ენები

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages




 აფხაზურ-ადიღური ენები

Abkhaz-Adyghe Languages

Explanation of terms

The Abaza  self-name is Aàpswa. The Russians designate them as: абазинцы, Бешкесек-абаза.

Area of distribution

Abaza, the native language of Abaz, belongs to the Abkha-Adyghe  or North-Western group of the Iberian-Caucasian languages. The Abaza language together with the Abkhaz language forms one language unit, but because of territorial isolation the  Abaza literary language distinguishes from Abkhaz literary one.
The  Abaza language is spread basically in Karachay-Cherkess AO. There are about 24 thousand Abaza speakers (1970).

Dialect varieties

There are two dialects in Abaza – Tapanta (is spoken in the  valley) and Ashkhar (is spoken in the  mountains). The difference between dialects first of all is phonetic. There exists also a significant phonetic difference between subdialects.

The Abaza consonant system

Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.

საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/   ლანა ალბორნს  ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.